March 02, 2019

Abraham : Patriarch to Islam, Judaism, and Christianity

Judaism, Christianity and Islam are called Abrahamic faiths because all three religions trace their roots back to Abraham (a father of many nations).  Abraham is recognized as the first person to believe in a single powerful God (monotheism).

In Jewish tradition, Abraham (Abram) was born about 1800 BC and is regarded as the patriarch who established the Covenant (contract) between the Jewish people and God.  He is regarded as both the biological progenitor of the Jews (the first Jew), and the father of Judaism.

Abraham is often mentioned in the Qur’an. He is called a monotheist (believes there is only one God), a Muslim (one who submits to God), a patriarch, and a prophet. Mohammad depicts Abraham as the perfect Muslim.

The story of Abraham includes his two sons Ishmael and Isaac, who also play important roles in the founding of these three Faiths:

According to Jews, Christians and Muslims, Ishmael was Abraham's first son. Ishmael was born to Abraham and Sarah's handmaiden Hagar. The Book of Genesis and Islamic traditions consider Ishmael to be the ancestor of the Ishmaelites. Ishmael is recognized by Muslims as the ancestor of several prominent Arab tribes and the forefather of Muhammad.

According to the Book of Genesis, Isaac was the son of Abraham and Sarah. Isaac links Abraham to Christian tradition through the Israelites. In Islamic tradition, Isaac is revered as a prophet of Islam, and the father of the Israelites.

Isaac was the father of Jacob. In Christianity, Judaism, and Islam Jacob had twelve sons, each of which would go on to father one of the Twelve Tribes of Israel.

Because Islam draws much of its tradition from the Old Testament, many of its beliefs are similar to those found in Jewish literature. The Qur'an commands Muslims to believe in the revelations given to "Abraham, Ishmael, Isaac, Jacob and the Patriarchs".

Judaism holds that one becomes a descendant of Abraham through birth. Christians theoretically believe one becomes a descendant of Abraham through faith. Islam holds that one becomes a descendant of Abraham through both birth and faith.

A final note: It is likely Abraham’s narrative is a literary construct that does not relate to any period in actual history.


Now I have a question.

If all three religious theologies have the same roots...

why are we fighting each other?        

Just asking.


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